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Wild Life Tour with Kanha National Park

Kanha Park Kanha National Park is a national park and a Tiger Reserve in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh, India. In the 1930s, Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 km² each. Kanha National Park was created on 1 June, 1955. Today it stretches over an area of 940 km² in the two districts Mandla and Balaghat. Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1,067 km² and the neighboring 110 km² Phen Sanctuary it forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve. This makes it the largest National Park in Central India

The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear, Barasingha and Indian wild dog. The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha provided inspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel "Jungle Book".

Sun IconGeography

Kanha National Park is located in the Maikal range, the eastern sector of the Satpura Hills of the Central Indian Highlands. The park lies 160 km (100 miles) southeast of Jabalpur in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Kanha is 270 km (170 miles) northeast of the city of Nagpur (Maharashtra), which currently furnishes the nearest air link to the park (direct flights from Mumbai, Delhi, and Hyderabad, with connections to other cities). The geographically Kanha located as - Latitude: 22° 7' to 22° 27'N; longitude: 80° 26' to 81° 3'E.


Sun IconFlora
Flora
Kanha National Park is home to over 200 species of flowering plants. The lowland forest is a mixture of sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees, interspersed with meadows. The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type and of a completely different nature with bamboo on slopes (Dendrocalamus strictus). A very good looking Indian ghost tree (kullu) can also be seen in the dense forest.

Kanha Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidans which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abandoned villages, evacuated to make way for the animals.There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha some of which are important for the survival of Barasingha (Cervus duvauceli branderi).

Sun IconFauna
Fauna
At Kanha the majestic tiger is the keystone species. The big cats tigers and leopards are tertiary carnivores in the food chain. Besides the big cats wild dogs, wild cat, fox and the jackal are carnivores commonly seen at Kanha.Common feature of the park animals are spotted deer, sambar, barking deer, four horned deer. The latter can be seen at Bamni Dadar climb. Recently mouse deer has been discovered in the tiger reserve.

Fauna
Black buck did not survive here as the habitat was not suitable. Nilgai can be seen near the Sarahi Gate while Indian Wolf once commonly seen at Mocha is a rare sight now. Hyena and sloth bear are seen with luck. Langurs and wild boars are common but the pugnacious rhesus macaque is less seen. Nocturnal animals like fox, hyena, jungle cat, civets, porcupine, ratel or honey badger and hares can be seen outside the park confines. Reptiles Python, Cobra, Krait, Rat Snake, Viper, Keelbacks, Grass snakes etc are nocturnal animals rarely seen. There are many species of turtles as well as amphibians found in or near the water bodies.

Sun IconHistory
Kanha
In 1955,the Banjar valley,was upgraded to a National Park. This was done with special legislation and was the culmination of furore that followed the ruthless hunting of 30 tigers by the privileged hunters in the area in and around the Banjara valley and Hallon valley.Saving the hardground Barasingha, whose numbers fell down significantly was another reason for making the National Park. The initial area of National Park was 253 sq.km but it was expanded to 318 sq.km in 1962,after that in 1970, the Mulki Valley was added which has taken the area to 446 sq.kms. Initially when project Tiger was started in 1973,nine Tiger Reserves were selected and Kanha National Park was one of them.

Under project Tiger,the Hallon valley was integrated into the park as a sanctuary in 1974 and as a National Park in 1976. With the integration of Hallon valley,the area of the National park went up to its present area of 940 sq.kms

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